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ClientEarth launches new air pollution legal action against UK government

ClientEarth launches new air pollution legal action against UK government

ClientEarth is taking legal action against the UK government for a third time over what the lobby group claimed was its “persistent failure” to deal with illegal air pollution across the country.  

The move comes a year after ClientEarth’s High Court victory forcing ministers to develop plans to tackle the problem. Also, in April 2015 the Supreme Court ordered the government to produce new air quality plans which demonstrated how it would bring air pollution down to legal levels as soon as possible.

The environmental law organisation said the plans published in the summer by the government still fell far short of what was needed to bring air pollution to within legal limits as soon as possible.  

ClientEarth CEO James Thornton said: “The UK government’s stubborn failure to tackle illegal and harmful levels of pollution in this country means that we have no choice but to take legal action. We need clarity from the government and for that we’ve been forced to go back to court.”  

ClientEarth’s grounds for judicial review are: ·        
  • The latest plan backtracks on previous commitments to order five cities to introduce clean air zones by 2020          
  • The plan did not require any action in 45 local authorities in England, despite them having illegal levels of air pollution           
  • The plan did not require any action by Wales to bring down air pollution as quickly as possible.  

ClientEarth understands that Leicester City Council, as well as Oxford City Council have written to the government raising doubts about the plans. They include claims that the government has seriously underestimated pollution levels in their cities and excluded them from access to essential support to fight the problem.

ClientEarth says that the UK has had illegal levels of nitrogen dioxide, which in towns and cities comes mostly from diesel vehicles, since legal limits came into effect in 2010.  

In order to avoid any further delay to ongoing work by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Department for Transport and local authorities, ClientEarth is not calling for the current plan to be overturned, but instead to be supplemented.  

ClientEarth names the Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, the Transport Secretary and the Cabinet Secretary for Environment and Rural Affairs in the Welsh Government as defendants in its legal action.  

Mr Thornton added: “This is a national problem that requires a national solution. The government’s own evidence shows that we need a national network of charging clean air zones, which will keep the dirtiest vehicles out of the most polluted areas of our towns and cities, so why aren’t drivers being prepared for it? It’s time ministers came clean about the size of the problem and the difficult decisions needed to solve it.  

“The government should be helping people and small businesses move to cleaner forms of transport. We need fiscal policies to drive a shift away from dirty diesel, so November’s Budget will be a litmus test of the government’s resolve. The car industry helped get us into this mess so they should be helping get us out of it by contributing to a clean air fund.”